in = INSIDE

The children are in bed.

I got stuck in here for two hours.

I’d like to buy the dress in the window.

I've got something in my hand.

We live in Bucharest, Romania.

My mother lives in a small appartment.

What's going on in your head?

My brother is still in school.

To  - one of the most used prepositions in English – is:

  1. a part of the infinitives: to understand

Infinitives can be combined with other verbs such as hope, arrange, want, etc.

I want to finish this exercise.
Father hopes to have a new car.
My mother arranges to stay at the best hotel in Bucharest.

  1. used to show Infinitive of Purpose to mean in order to.

For example:

I spent some time (in order) to finish the project.

  1. used as a preposition of movement or direction. 'To' , 'at' or 'in' are not always very clear -at and in indicates place while  to  indicates  movement, direction to a place).

Usage of Preposition "at" in English - Folosirea prepoziției "at" în limba engleză


question mark 1829459 960 720Nu vi se întâmplă uneori ca folosirea prepozitiilor în limba engleză să vă creeze probleme?

De exemplu, spunem: I'll be home, ori I'll be at home?

Sau What are you doing at the weekend? ori What are you doing in the weekend?

Va propun să facem lumina deplină astăzi în ceea ce privește prepoziția AT.

Usage:

  • Folositi „at” pentru a spune unde se află cineva sau ceva, sau unde s-a întâmplat o acțiune. (use it to express a location, where a person or a thing is or where the action happens)

The Difference Between the Present Continuous and the Present Simple Tense when we express future events


present simple vs present continuous

Both tenses are used to express future events, and both are related to the idea of planification, the problem is that we are not always sure when to use the simple present and when the present continuous, what kind of planification expresses future simple and what kind future continuous?

A. Present continuous for future events:

We use present continuous when we talk about arrangements. Something is discussed, planned, so that the event is almost sure. More than one person knows about it. Some preparation has already been made.

For example:

  1. Let’s say I want to go on holiday. I organise it, buy the tickets, book the hotel room, I have the holiday în August, now is June, but I can say: I am visiting Paris în August. (I have already planned it), or I am going to Paris în August.
  1. I am coming to you this evening. (We have already talked about, it’s sure, you know that and you are waiting for me with a coffee or a glass of juice).

hourglass 620397 960 720

Present Simple este timpul gramatical cel mai usor de folosit, ca formare, insa ceea ce ramane neclar pentru multi sunt situatiile in care se foloseste. 

Iata toate situatiile in care folosim acest timp gramatical.

We use Present Simple to express:

  1. usual facts / general truths/ permanent situations

Life goes on! The Earth goes round.

Time passes quickly.

  1. For repeated actions / habitual actions (with adverbs like: every day, always, usually, seldom etc)

They commute to school by bus every day.   They usually take the bike. or: 

They go to work by bike every day.

In Romania, the school year starts at the beginning of September.

  1. stative verbs (describe states and not actions)

manners

Adverbele de mod se pot crea dupa o regula, se numesc regulate, sau au forme proprii, se numesc neregulate:

Adverbs of manner can have:

  • regular forms: easily, slowly, noisily, quietly, carefully, badly, beautifully, etc
  • irregular forms: well, fast, hard etc
  • Se numesc “de mod”, deci vor descrie cum se face o actiune. Adverbs of manner describe how an action is done.

He drives fast.

She walks slowly.

He is feeling bad.

  • Adverbele de mod regulate se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ly unui adjectiv.

head 1345064 960 720

Folosim anumite verbe modale (can, could, might sau should/shouldn't) pentru a exprima o critica, un repros, faptul ca nu suntem de acord cu ceva si pentru o evaluare sau analizare a ceva, de exemplu a unei lucrari.

Trebuie sa tinem cont de faptul ca, atunci cand criticam, putem supara putin, de aceea este nevoie de cateva expresii de politete, cu care sa incepem “critica” noastra.

Criticise sau criticize este un verb care inseamna:

  1. a judeca ceva sau pe cineva cu o dezaprobare in inteles, to judge(something) with disapproval; censure
  2. a evalua sau a analiza ceva, to evaluate or analyse something

Folosind verbele can, could, might sau should/shouldn't + infinitive, facem referire ori la prezent, ori la viitor astfel:

(Can, could, might and should/shouldn't + infinitive can be used in order to express criticism, reproach or some disapproval for to present or future time):

  1. Facem referire la prezent: 

Schema este: Could, might and should/shouldn't + infinitiv

You can be mean sometimes, you know! 
You shouldn't drink so much Cola!
You might be more hard-working.
Mary is 12 years old, she could take care of her brother, why doesn’t she?

Why are you yelling? You can speak nice to your parents too!

She might pay more attention to her homework!

2. In cele mai multe cazuri, criticam ceva ce s-a intamplat deja, deci facem referire la trecut.

Schema este: Could, might and should/shouldn't + have + Past Participle

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