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Prepositions usually appear after adjectives to help the adjective to describe ideas or emotions. The preposition is typically followed by a noun or gerund to form a prepositional phrase.

 

1. Adjective + about – this pair expresses feelings caused by specific situations or events.

Examples:

  • angry about

She is angry about the noise from the neighbours.

  • furious about

The man was furious about waiting in the rain all night.

  • mad about

Susan is always mad about loud music.

  • anxious about

Paul is anxious about traveling abroad next summer.

  • stressed about

Samantha is stressed about the exams.

  • worried about

Our mother is worried about paying the bills.

  • excited about

I am excited about watching the film that’s coming out next week!

  • happy about

Aren’t you happy about your new job?

  • sad about

He is sad about his results.

  • sorry about

I am sorry about the way I talked to you last night.

  • upset about

Our football team is upset about losing the match.

 

2. Adjective + at - describes skills and abilities.

  • good at

I am so good at maths.

  • bad at

Kim is bad at football.

  • terrible at

I am terrible at singing!

 

3. Adjective + by – illustrates causes for specific reactions and it is used when the sentence is passive voice.

Examples:

  • amazed by

I was amazed by the number of people offering to participate in this show.

  • shocked by

Tim was shocked by his parents behaviour.

  • built by

The house was built by my grandfather.

 

4. Adjective + for – are used in pair to demonstrate purpose or reason.

  • famous for

Italy is famous for its food.

  • known for

Romania is known for Transfăgărăşan Road.

  • responsible for

You are responsible for your actions.

! For is also used to emphasize the feelings toward a specific event, thing, or person. For that we use this form:

feel/be + adjective + for + someone/something

Examples:

  • bad for

I feel so bad for Harry!

  • happy for

Bobby is happy for our wedding.

 

5. Adjective + from – this pair emphasizes a point of opposition or the result of an action.

  • different from

George is very different from his brother.

  • protected from

We are protected from the radiations if we don’t expose too much in the sun.

  • tired from

He was tired from working all night long.

 

6. Adjective + in - shows connections or relationships between people and things

  • interested in

Brian is interested in medical research.

  • involved in

Peter is involved in many activities for children.

 

7. Adjective + of

We use adjective and preposition of to identify causes of mental and physical states.

Examples:

  • afraid of

My sister is afraid of spiders.

  • frightened of

Many people are frightened of ghosts.

  • scared of

Are you scared of fire?

  • kind of

It was very kind of John to buy us chocolate.

  • nice of

It was nice of your mother to treat us with cookies.

  • strange of

It’s strange of Susan to act like that.

  • proud of

I am very proud of my progress in English.

  • rude of

I thought it rude of Tom to shout at me in front of my parents.

  • sick of

I am so sick of doing homeworks every day.

  • tired of

Jane is tired of her husband attitude.

  • silly of

It was silly of you to think he really changed.

 

8. Adjective + on

  • keen on

I am so keen on cooking.       

  • based on

This film is based on real facts.

 

9. Adjective + to - describes behaviors, states or connections between things and people.

Examples:

  • accustomed to

I quickly became accustomed to getting up early for work.

  • addicted to

My aunt is addicted to coffee.

  • committed to

She is committed to medical research.

  • dedicated to

I am very dedicated to my work.

  • devoted to

We all are devoted to our families.

  • friendly to

My daughter is friendly to her collegues.

  • good to

Was your father good to you?

  • kind to

A doctor should always be kind to his patients.

  • nice to

Tony was nice to me after the accident.

  • married to

My mother is married to my father for many years.

  • mean to

Why are you so mean to me?

  • rude to

The boy was very rude to his parents.

  • opposed to

I am totally opposed to these things.

  • similar to

Laura’s test was similar to mine.

 

10. Adjective + with - indicates the cause of an emotional state or a connection between things or people.

Examples:

  • angry with

Linda is always angry with me.

  • furious with

I have no idea why he is furious with you.

  • annoyed with,

I am annoyed with my brother for lying to me.

  • fed up with

My mother is fed up with cleaning my room every day.

  • bored with

I am bored with history movies.

  • fine with

He was fine with moving to another town.

  • OK with

Are you OK with buying this car?

  • disappointed with

David is very disappointed with his new job.

  • pleased with

I am very pleased with the money I earned by now.

 

With is used in passive sentences when it describes the states of people or things:

  • crowded with

The bus is usually crowded with people in the morning.

  • filled with

The cake is filled with vanilla and chocolate.

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