mixed conditional 2

Second Conditional

If + past simple, would + infinitive

If I had a lot of time, I would visit all my relatives on their birthdays.

Third Conditional

If + had + past participle, would + have + past participle

If I had known the meetings were cancelled, I wouldn’t have worked at the presentation during the night.

 

Mixed Conditionals 


Mixed conditionals bring together into the same sentence:

  1. a present or future result of a past condition, which means would + infinitive with if + had + past participle. (2 and 3 or 3 and 2) and
  2. a past result with a present or future condition which means would + have + past participle and if + simple past (4 and 1 or 1 and 4)
  1. Present or Future Result OF A PAST CONDITION
  1. a) Present Result of a Past Condition

This type of mixed conditional expresses a probable result in the present of an unreal past condition. Both of the situations are contrary to reality, the one in the past and the one in the present.

The tense in the 'if' clause is had + past participle and the tense in the main clause is would + infinitive.

If clause expresses the condition: If + had + past participle = If something had happened

Main clause expresses the result: would + infinitive = another thing would happen

Condition, THEN,  result NOW.

If I had known how to present my abilities better, I would have the job now.

THEN                                                 NOW

Dacă aș fi știut să îmi prezint aptitudinile mai bine, aveam acum jobul.

ATUNCI                                             ACUM

I would have a better position in the company now if I had been successful with that project.

                        NOW                                                  THEN

If he had won the contest, he would be the champion now.

                        THEN                                     NOW

The reality: He didn't win the contest in the past and he is not the champion now.

If we had looked at the recipe, we wouldn't spoil the broth.

                        THEN                                     NOW

We wouldn't be lost in your town now if we had looked at your instructions.

                        NOW                                      THEN

If the boy had crossed that street, he would be dead now.

                        THEN                                     NOW

If I hadn’t been so nervous at the exam, I would have the diploma.

            THEN                                                 NOW

The reality: I was very nervous at the exam, I made mistakes, so now I don't have the diploma.

I would be very happy now if I had received that job.

            NOW                                      THEN

The reality: I didn't receive the job and I'm not happy at all.

If she had taken German lessons in school, she would have a better chance now.

            THEN                                                 NOW

The reality: She didn't take German lessons in school and she doesn’t have a better chance now.

If you had earned your own money, you wouldn’t spend so much on this car.

THEN                                                             NOW

The reality: You didn't earn your own money but you want to spend a lot on a car.

You can also use other modals instead of „would” in the main clause when you need to express a probability or a permission, a recommendation or something else.

If the boy had broken that mobile phone, he might be in a big trouble.

            THEN                                                NOW

I could be married now if I hadn’t listened to my mum.

            NOW                                                  THEN

  1. b) FUTURE result of a Past Condition (the idea of future is given by an adverb)

If she had passed that exam last week, she would be coming with us tomorrow.

            THEN                                                             FUTURE

Dacă ea ar fi luat examenul săptămâna trecută, mâine venea cu noi.

The reality: She didn't pass that exam last week so she isn't going to come with us tomorrow.

If my father had bought that car, we would be travelling abroad tomorrow.

            THEN                                                 FUTURE

Dacă tata ar fi cumpărat mașina aceea, mâine călătoream în străinătate.

The reality: My father didn't buy the car so we are not going to travel abroad tomorrow.

If my son hadn't lost his flight tickets, he would come to us next week.

            THEN                                                 FUTURE

The reality: My son lost his flight tickets and he won't come to us next week.

  1. PAST RESULT OF A PRESENT CONDITION

This type of mixed conditional expresses an unreal present situation and the probable (but unreal) past result.

'if' clause: if + simple past, expresses an unreal condition in present

main clause: would + have + past participle expresses an unreal result in the past

If something happened, another thing would have happened.

(Dacă ceva era real acum în prezent, un rezultat ar fi existat)

If I wasn't afraid of hights, I would have climbed up that mountain.

            NOW                                     THEN

Dacă nu îmi era frică de înălțimi (ACUM), m-aș fi urcat pe muntele acela. (ATUNCI)

DE REȚINUT că această condiție prezentă era valabilă și atunci, de aceea faptul este posibil.

If we didn't love each other, we would have divorced years ago.

            NOW                                      THEN

If I wasn't at work in the evenings, I would have been with you at the final match.

            NOW                                      THEN

(Dacă nu lucram în fiecare seară, mă duceam cu tine la finală (dar, din păcate, lucrez în fiecare seară)

She would have been able to help you if she was in the country.

THEN                                                 NOW

If she wasn't afraid of Maths, she wouldn't have solved so many exercises.

NOW                                                   THEN

I'd have been able to finish the test if I liked studying more.

            THEN                                                 NOW

If he was a good carpenter, he'd have made that sofa by himself.

            NOW                                                  THEN

If I were rich, I would have bought that beautiful house last week.

            NOW                                                  THEN

The reality: I am not rich and that is why I couldn’t buy the house last week.

If she spoke German, she would have taken the job yesterday.

            NOW                                      THEN

The reality: She doesn't speak German and that is why she didn't take the job yesterday.

If I didn't have to prepare the house and the meal for Christmas, I would have gone shopping with you yesterday.

            NOW                                                                                      THEN

The reality: I have to prepare the house and the meal and that is why I didn't go shopping with you yesterday.

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